metaphor

metaphor
   A metaphor is a statement of a certain sort that is not meant to be taken literally. When the Bible describes God as 'a rock' it does not mean to be taken literally; rather it means to be taken as affirming of God some of the attributes of a rock, such as stability, permanence, dependability and so on. Some Christian philosophers claim that all talk about God is metaphorical, but this view is problematic: surely there must be some literal truth underlying the metaphor, as there would seem to be in the case of describing God as 'a rock'. Nevertheless, it is certainly the case that metaphor plays an important part in the Bible's description of God and this is entirely understandable, since many of our words are intended primarily for discussion of finite physical things rather than for God.
   Further reading: Black 1962; Ramsey 1957 and 1971; Ricoeur 1977; Soskice 1985

Christian Philosophy . . 2015.

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Synonyms:
(without the signs of comparison), (expressed in a word)


Look at other dictionaries:

  • metaphor — met a*phor (m[e^]t [.a]*f[^o]r or m[e^]t [.a]*f[ e]r), n. [F. m[ e]taphore, L. metaphora, fr. Gr. metafora , fr. metafe rein to carry over, transfer; meta beyond, over + fe rein to bring, bear.] (Rhet.) The transference of the relation between… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • metaphor — [met′ə fôr΄] n. [Fr métaphore < L metaphora < Gr < metapherein, to carry over < meta, over (see META ) + pherein, to BEAR1] a figure of speech containing an implied comparison, in which a word or phrase ordinarily and primarily used… …   English World dictionary

  • metaphor — index example Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • metaphor — (n.) late 15c., from M.Fr. metaphore (O.Fr. metafore, 13c.), and directly from L. metaphora, from Gk. metaphora a transfer, especially of the sense of one word to a different word, lit. a carrying over, from metapherein transfer, carry over;… …   Etymology dictionary

  • metaphor — simile, *analogy …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • metaphor — [n] figure of speech, implied comparison allegory, analogy, emblem, hope, image, metonymy, personification, similitude, symbol, trope; concept 275 Ant. plain speech …   New thesaurus

  • metaphor — ► NOUN 1) a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable (e.g. food for thought). 2) a thing symbolic of something else. ORIGIN from Greek, from metapherein to transfer …   English terms dictionary

  • Metaphor — This article is about the figure of speech. For other uses, see Metaphor (disambiguation). A political cartoon from an 1894 Puck magazine by illustrator S.D. Ehrhart, shows a farm woman labeled Democratic Party sheltering from a tornado of… …   Wikipedia

  • metaphor — metaphorical /met euh fawr i keuhl, for /, metaphoric, adj. metaphorically, adv. metaphoricalness, n. /met euh fawr , feuhr/, n. 1. a figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in… …   Universalium

  • metaphor — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ appropriate, apt, good, perfect ▪ powerful, striking ▪ useful ▪ central …   Collocations dictionary

  • Metaphor — (Roget s Thesaurus) < N PARAG:Metaphor >N GRP: N 1 Sgm: N 1 figure of speech figure of speech Sgm: N 1 facon de parler facon de parler =>(French) way of speaking colloquialism GRP: N 2 Sgm: N 2 phrase phrase &c. 566 Sgm: N 2 …   English dictionary for students

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